It appears to be we have feast or famine with rain below in North Florida. Also significantly rain and irrigation can be just as damaging as too little rain and irrigation for quite a few tree species.
Meals resource difficulties
Dry weather has a lot of hidden, lengthy-term outcomes on trees. A major impact is the disruption to a tree’s foods provide. Food stuff for a tree is sugar developed by the leaves. Drought triggers stored food items to be used just to sustain residing tree areas instead than for progress. Drought keeps trees from creating or storing new meals for next calendar year.
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In trees, food items creation, food storage and development need to take place each individual 12 months to get the tree via wintertime and restart it in spring. Trees must preserve a big quantity of meals to be alive subsequent year.
Drought can continue to keep quite a few trees from manufacturing a great deal food items. In the course of drought, minimal food stuff is stored and minimal is employed for new expansion. Trees retailer most of their foods in the previous couple of yearly development rings. The thinner the expansion layers from deficiency of food, the significantly less location available to retail store food stuff. In this circumstance trees are essentially “shrinking” to endure.
Restoration time prolonged
Trees have to have numerous superior rising seasons to get well from one bad calendar year. Tree species like oak, hickory, elm, ash and pine will require 3 to 4 very good years to make up for 1 calendar year of critical drought. Trees like maple, dogwood, beech, magnolia, sweetgum, yellow poplar and sycamore will want two to a few many years to get better.
Appropriate tree care can support trees reside. Tree treatment is just as vital in yrs following a drought as during the drought year by itself.
Pests and diseases
Drought-weakened trees are the favourite prey for a host of pests. Lots of of these pests are only found in abundance just after a undesirable drought yr. A weakened and declining tree is a good meal for tree pests like vascular disorders, woodborers, bark beetles, root rots and scale bugs.
Care for drought-damaged trees entails mild fertilization and lots of water. Generally use a soil exam to ascertain fertilizer needs. Significant doses of nitrogen when other features and foodstuff are lacking can harm your trees. Superior nitrogen fertilizer can consequence in a lot more shoot and leaf growth than the tree can assistance.
Good treatment also features suitable removing of useless wood to minimize falling branches and liability pitfalls. Pruning of dwelling branches on severely stressed trees must be delayed until following year. Hold a close look at on your trees for pest difficulties.
Far more data on tree variety and treatment is offered from the UF/IFAS Extension Office in your County. An Equal Possibility Institution