Friday is Arbor Day, a nationwide celebration of tree planting that has been celebrated each and every April given that 1872. This year, why not rejoice Arbor Day by planting a tree in your individual yard or at a different location in your group?
Trees are an crucial financial, environmental and excellent-of-existence asset in an urban community, lessening the heat island result, cutting down air pollution, intercepting storm h2o, and enhancing high quality of everyday living for people. Trees also give important habitat and a food items resource for birds, pollinators and other insects and wildlife.
The Town of Columbus has recognized a important require to improve the tree cover, as just 22% of all land in the city is shaded by trees.
In addition to group rewards presented by the tree canopy, the presence of huge trees in a home’s front garden can improve the residence price of the household, and strategically placed trees can shade properties and other structures, reducing annual air conditioning expenditures by up to 56%, according to the U.S. Forest Assistance.
Trees improve air top quality by taking away carbon dioxide and other pollutants from the air, with just one huge tree giving a day’s worth of oxygen for 4 people today. And how could we ever assign a value to the pleasure that arrives from hearing the chirping of songbirds perched in trees in our yards, parks and trails?
Proper plant, proper position
The important to achievement in planting trees (or any plant for that subject), is to locate the correct tree in the right position by matching particular trees with the conditions of the site in which they will be planted. If you desire to plant a tree in the curb strip in front of your household, resist the temptation to plant a flowering tree these as dogwood or redbud, as the full solar area and other severe circumstances affiliated with curb strips are not excellent for these “edge of woodland” species, which improve finest in filtered sunlight.
If you want to plant a tree in a spot of the garden that drains slowly but surely, take into consideration planting a species that will tolerate extended periods of moist soils these kinds of as willow, birch, crimson maple or silver maple.
Be confident to pick the accurate dimensions tree for the spot in which you will plant it. For places shut to the home, select small- to medium-sized trees this kind of as serviceberry, Japanese maple, red Buckeye, and eco-friendly hawthorn. Big shade trees this kind of as maples, Kentucky coffeetree, oaks, sweetgum, and honey locust should really all be planted in huge open up areas at minimum 35 feet from the residence, other structures or overhead power strains.
Suitable planting is significant
When digging the planting gap for a tree, dig the hole 2 to 3 periods broader than the diameter of the root ball. The depth of the planting gap need to be 2 or 3 inches a lot less than the height of the root ball mainly because most clay-dependent Ohio soils are somewhat poorly drained, which calls for the major of the root ball to be positioned 2 or 3 inches over grade of the planting location.
When planting trees with their roots wrapped in burlap, be absolutely sure to take out any string, nails, wire and even the burlap once the root ball is positioned into the planting gap, as these supplies can constrict root expansion and even girdle or strangle the plant.
Roots matted at the base or circling the roots of trees developed in plastic containers ought to be slice and removed or straightened, if doable, to avert girdling. Be certain to take out any plant tags attached to the tree with wire or nylon twine, which could finally girdle stem tissue.
When backfilling the planting hole, combine an organic soil modification these types of as compost or peat moss with the soil taken out from the gap at a amount of two-thirds soil and just one-third organic amendment. A substantial-phosphorous fertilizer this sort of as 5-10-5 can be extra to the backfill at planting at a charge of ½ pint of fertilizer for every bushel of backfill soil. Tamp the backfill soil firmly but do not compact it tightly by standing on the backfill.
Watch soil humidity
While spring is an superb time of 12 months to plant trees, the heat and dry conditions of summer season can be a resource of appreciable tension for recently planted trees. Be sure to provide supplemental drinking water to recently planted trees, specifically for the duration of periods of warm, dry weather conditions.
Just one process for supplying a gradual and even watering for a freshly planted tree is to punch two or 3 compact holes in a 5-gallon plastic bucket with a punch axe or tenpenny nail, and then put the bucket around the root zone of the newly planted tree. Each couple days fill the bucket with water, and it will bit by bit drain into the soil.
Happy Arbor Day!
Mike Hogan is an associate professor at Ohio Condition College and an educator at the OSU Extension.